The cube-shaped building at the center of the Grand Mosque, it is the direction (Qibla) towards which Muslims around the world pray.

Masjid al-Haram (The Grand Mosque)

The largest mosque in the world, it surrounds the Kaaba, the most sacred site in Islam. Performing Tawaf (circumambulation) around the Kaaba is a central part of the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages.

Mount Arafat (Jabal Arafat)

Known as the "Mountain of Mercy," it is where the Prophet Muhammad delivered his Farewell Sermon. Pilgrims gather here on the 9th day of Dhu al-Hijjah during Hajj.

Jabal Thawr

The site of the cave where the Prophet Muhammad and his companion Abu Bakr took refuge during their migration (Hijra) from Makkah to Madinah.

Abraj Al Bait Towers (Clock Tower)

A complex of high-rise buildings that include hotels, shopping malls, and the Makkah Clock Tower, one of the tallest buildings in the world. It offers a panoramic view of the city and the Grand Mosque.

Jannat al-Mu'alla Cemetery

The burial place of many of the Prophet Muhammad's relatives and companions, including his first wife, Khadijah.


A neighborhood where pilgrims stay in tents during the Hajj and perform the ritual of stoning the pillars (Jamarat).